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Principles of weight loss and weight gain

Metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that that happen in living organisms to maintain life. These processes allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structure and respond to their environments. Metabolism consists of two different chemical reactions – catabolism and anabolism. Catabolism is the process of breaking down organic matter like the conversion of biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate and then releases waste products which take place in the cells of organisms. Anabolism is a metabolic process that uses energy to construct components of cells such as proteins and nucleic acids. The chemical reactions of metabolism are organized into metabolic pathways, in which one chemical is transformed through a series of steps into another chemical, by a sequence of enzymes. The metabolism of an organism determines which substances it will find nutritious and which it will find poisonous.

Metabolism is closely connected to the term basal metabolic rate (BMR). BMR is the amount of daily energy expended by animals at rest. The energy released in this state is sufficient only for the functioning of the organs necessary for sustaining life such as heart, lungs, brain, kidneys, muscles etc. The basal metabolic rate depends on a lot of factors like age, gender, body composition, hormones, diet etc. The speed of the BMR determines if you more likely to lose weight or not. The people that have slower metabolism and slower BMR are more likely to gain weight because the body burns less energy while at rest while people with faster metabolism and faster BMR will lose weight while at rest.

There are many ways of containing the weight gain. One of the most popular one is dieting. Dieting is the reduced consumption of calories compared to the needed daily intake. This way there is a deficit which will result in a weight loss. Here is one popular scenario on how to lose weight – the Dukan diet.

The diet consists of four phases: attack phase, cruise phase, consolidation phase and stabilization phase:

  • The attack phase is designed to enable dieters to rapidly lose 2 to 3 kilograms in 2–7 days by kick-starting their metabolism. Dieters are allowed to eat as much as they want of 72 protein-rich foods.
  • The cruise phase is designed to allow dieters to more gradually achieve the weight they aim for by eating protein-rich foods with the addition of 28 specific vegetables. The length of this phase is usually calculated as 1 kilogram of weight loss per week, but this is based on specific personal conditions. Tolerated foods are also allowed as per the program, but any weight gain will ban some of these.
  • The consolidation phase is designed to help in preventing any future massive weight gain. During this phase, fruit, bread, cheese and starchy foods are reintroduced into a normal diet, leaving two celebratory meals a week as directed by the plan.
  • The stabilization phase, dieters can essentially eat whatever they want without gaining weight by following a few rules, such as having one protein day once a week, as well as eating oat bran a couple of times a week.


There are certain aspects of the diet that are controversial. First of all is the intake of carbohydrates especially during the first two phases. The human body needs at least 80-100 grams of carbohydrates per day to function properly even if the person’s lifestyle is sedentary. Otherwise there will be general fatigue, irritability, lack of concentration. Second thing is the lack of fruits in the first phases. The fruits contain some very important nutrients like vitamins and other micronutrients that can’t be supplied from elsewhere. The last concern is global. Dieting makes your metabolism and basal metabolic rate to slow down thus burning less energy. This is a defensive mechanism of the body which interprets dieting as a signal of starvation so its internal mechanisms slow down the BMR. So how to lose weight?

The solution to this is Lipovon. The product is designed in such way that acts as an appetite suppressant and also speeds up your metabolism thus inducing weight loss. The contents are natural extracts from hoodia gordonii and garcinina cambogia which both of them act as an appetite suppressant and speed your metabolism. Because of the appetite suppressing qualities of Lipovon your body won’t interpret the reduced intake of food as a sign of starvation so it will not automatically slow down your metabolism but in fact it will speed it up resulting in a weight loss. The product enjoys an ever-growing popularity and it is used by thousands.

That is an opinion of a consumer of the product:

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